Learn to check if the package is installed on the Linux server or not. Verify if the package available on the server along with its installed date.
Package installation on Linux sometimes fails with error
package is already installed; nothing to do. To avoid this you need to first check if the package is installed on system or not and then attempt its installation. In this article, we will be seeing different ways we can check if the package is installed on the server and also check its installation date.
Package management related reads :
- Package installation in Linux
- Package upgrade in RHEL
- Package removal in Linux
- How to download the package from configured repositories
Different ways to check if package is installed or not :
On RPM based system
RPM-based systems like Red Hat, CentOS, etc, we can use rpm query command like below :
# rpm -qa |grep telnet telnet-0.17-60.el7.x86_64 OR # rpm -q telnet telnet-0.17-60.el7.x86_64
We are using
-qa i.e. query all options which will list all installed packages on the system. We are grepping out our desired (telnet in this example) package name. If the output is blank then the package is not installed. If it’s installed then the respective name will be shown (like above). To understand what these numbers in package name mean read package naming conventions.
Or even directly querying the package name will yield you the same result as the second example above.
If the system is configured with YUM then it can list all installed packages for you and you can grep out your desired package from it.
# yum list installed telnet Loaded plugins: amazon-id, rhui-lb, search-disabled-repos Installed Packages telnet.x86_64 1:0.17-60.el7 @rhui-REGION-rhel-server-releases OR # yum list installed |grep telnet telnet.x86_64 1:0.17-60.el7 @rhui-REGION-rhel-server-releases
On APT based systems
APT based systems like Debian, Ubuntu, etc,
dpkg command can be used to verify if the package is installed –
# dpkg -l |grep telnet ii telnet 0.17-40 amd64 basic telnet client
Column wise fields in output are Name, Version, Architecture, Description.
If you have an apt repository configured then you can try to install emulation of the desired package. If it’s installed then the respective message will be shown in output (highlighted line below). If it’s not installed then output just emulates installation process and exits without actually installing. –
# apt-get install -s telnet Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done telnet is already the newest version (0.17-40). 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Package installation date
One of the Linux interview questions is how to find the package installation date? or how to check when the package was installed in Linux? Answer is –
On YUM based systems
rpm command has a direct option of sorting packages with their installed date
--last. Grep your desired package and you will get its installed date.
# rpm -qa --last |grep telnet telnet-0.17-60.el7.x86_64 Fri 10 Mar 2017 01:58:17 PM EST
On APT based systems
Here there is no direct command which shows installation date. You have to grep ‘install’ word through installer log files
/var/log/dpkg.log to get the installation date. If logrotate is configured on the system then use wild card * to search through all rotated and current log files.
If you observe this file does not exist on your server then install operation wasn’t performed on that system after its setup. On the very first install operation (using
dpkg) this file will get created and start logging installation details.
# grep install /var/log/dpkg.log* |grep telnet 2017-03-10 19:26:30 status installed telnet:amd64 0.17-40 2017-03-10 19:26:30 status half-installed telnet:amd64 0.17-40 2017-03-10 19:26:40 install telnet:amd64 0.17-40 0.17-40 2017-03-10 19:26:40 status half-installed telnet:amd64 0.17-40 2017-03-10 19:26:40 status installed telnet:amd64 0.17-40