Learn timezone management using timedatectl command. An article explaining different uses of timedatectl command along with examples.
In our previous article, we have seen how to change the timezone of the Linux server using files or variables in the system. Few of our readers pushed timedatectl command to achieve this task easily. So I thought of writing a separate article on
timedatectl command explaining all its usage.
In this article, we will see how to display server time details, view, list, and change the timezone of the server using
timedatectl command. If you want to use date or time in a shell script or as a variable, we explained here how to format the date and time to use it as variable or in scripting.
timedatectl is Time Date Control command! It used to control the date and time of the server in Linux. To check your current system date and time details, run this command without any switch –
root@kerneltalks # timedatectl Local time: Wed 2017-11-15 15:58:33 UTC Universal time: Wed 2017-11-15 15:58:33 UTC RTC time: Wed 2017-11-15 15:58:32 Time zone: UTC (UTC, +0000) NTP enabled: yes NTP synchronized: yes RTC in local TZ: no DST active: n/a
Local time: Your system’s local date and time
Universal time: Current UTC time
RTC time: Current Real-time clock time
Time zone: Your system’s current timezone
NTP enabled: Is NTP is enabled on system or not
NTP synchronized: NTP time synced or not.
RTC in local TZ: Is RTC maintaining in configured system TZ? It is recommended to keep it off.
DST active: Daylight saving time enabled or not
List and change timezone using timedatectl
timedatectl allow you to change the timezone of the system with a list of available timezones. To view, a list of available timezones use the command with
root@kerneltalks # timedatectl list-timezones Africa/Abidjan Africa/Accra Africa/Addis_Ababa Africa/Algiers Africa/Asmara Africa/Bamako ----- output clipped-----
You will be presented with a list of available timezones in a paged manner. You can use any of thee timezones to set on your local system. To change timezone of your system use
root@kerneltalks # timedatectl set-timezone Australia/Sydney
Above command will change server timezone to Australia/Sydney one.
Change date and time using timedatectl
Most of the servers are configured with NTP these days. But if not and/or if you want to change the date and time manually then you can use
set-time switch. Time should be supplied with YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS
root@kerneltalks # timedatectl set-time "2018-01-01 12:12:12"
If NTP is configured then you might see an error
Failed to set time: Automatic time synchronization is enabled when attempting to change system time manually.
Enable/Disable RTC and NTP using timedatectl
You can enable or disable RTC (Real Time Clock) and NTP using
timedatectl. For RTC use
set-local-rtc and for NTP use
set-ntp switch. Both arguments accepts 1 (to enable) and 0 (to disable) as values.
root@kerneltalks # timedatectl set-ntp 0 root@kerneltalks # timedatectl set-local-rtc 0
Please note that enabling NTP here does not take you through NTP configuration steps. That has to be done separately. This only controls if the system should sync time using configured NTP or not.
Manage date and time of other machine
You can use
timedatectl command to manage the date and time of local containers or remote machines. To manage the time of local container use -M switch whereas to connect to the remote host and manage its time use
-M switch takes argument as
-H switch takes argument as
That’s all switches which are mainly useful in day-to-day operations. There are a few more that can be referred from its man page.